1. The belief that virtue, the highest good, is based on knowledge, and that the wise live in harmony with the devine reason that governs nature.


Patience, Forbearance, Fortitude, Endurance, Acceptance, Tolerance


"He who lives in harmony with himself lives in harmony with the universe."

-Marcus Aurelius

Modern Interpretation:

Persistence, Submission, To Natural Order, Discipline, Social Harmony, Responsibility, Spirituality, Simple Living, Non-Materialism, Control Desire/Emotion, Primacy of Team Performance Over Individual Interest.

2. An ancient Greek school of philosophy founded at Athens by Zeno of Citium. The school taught the development of self-control and fortitude as a means of overcoming destructive emotions. The philosophy holds that becoming a clear and unbiased thinker allows one to understand the universal reason.

A primary aspect of Stoicism involves improving the individual's ethical and moral well-being: "Virtue consists in a will that is in agreement with Nature." This principle also applies to the realm of interpersonal relationships; to be free from anger, envy, and jealousy. Stoic moral theory is also based on the view that the world is a unity.

The name comes from the Stoa Poikile, or painted porch, an open market in Athens, where the original Stoics used to meet and discuss philosophy.